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Latin Names & Abbreviations

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see also

When people search a database, they will be searching for example, for the first name "William" rather than the latin equivalent Gulielmus, etc.

Therefore we will be introducing a capability whereby the search for the modern name will display all versions of that name including the latin equivalents. This capability has not yet been implemented.

This is not a definitive total list - more may be added.
Note that Latin names were not used in every-day speech. They were only used in the written form.

The every day speech form ("spoken" in the table below) was essentially the same as we use it today. The Margaretae Simpson of old didn't shout "Bartolomaeus... get in here for dinner!"

Generally, when transcribing parish registers from Latin, we transcribe what was written. The FreeREG database will therefore contain the latin name. We plan to have the search understand the latin names and abbreviations so that when doing a search of the database for "William", you will also see entries of "Gulielm", "Gul", etc. THIS CAPABILITY DOES NOT CURRENTLY EXIST.

Latin		Spoken		Notes
Adamus		Adam
Adria		Audrey
Adria		Adrian		Shortened form. also Hadrian
Adrianus	Adrian		also Hadrian
Aegidius	Giles		male form
Aemilius	Emlyn		Welsh form
Aeneas		Angus		Scottish form
Agneta		Agnes
Alannus		Alan		sometimes Alannus
Alicia		Alice
Alianora	Eleanor
Alitia		Alice
Aloysius	Lewis		(Irish)
Aloysius	Llewelyn	(Welsh)
Amabilia	Mabel
Ambrosius	Ambrose
Ambrosius	Emrys		(Welsh form)
Amia		Amy
Amica		Ames		(no longer in use)
Andreas		Andrew
Anna		Ann
Antonius	Anthony
Arcturus	Arthur
Arturus		Arthur
Audria		Audrey
Avicia		Avice

Barnabas	Barnabas
Barnabus	Barnaby
Bartolomaeus	Bartholomew
Beatrix		Betteris	(note not Beatrice, which is 19C)
Benedictus	Bennet
Benedictus	Benedict	can be either
Beniaminus	Benjamin	(i = j)
Brigitta	Bridget		Irish is Bridie

Caecilia	Cecily		also Cisley, Cicil. (Not Cecilia 19C)
Caelia		Celia		Irish Sheila, Sile
Caritas		Charity
Carolus		Carol
Catalina	Catherine
Catherina	Katherine	Welsh Caitlin
Cecilia		Cecily		(Not Cecilia 19C)
Christiana	Christian	also written Xtiana in Latin. 
				(Christina is modern late 19C)
Christopherus	Christopher	also written Xtopherus or Xtopher
Clemens		Clement		male
Clementia	Clemency	female
Coelia		Celia
Constantia	Constance	female
Constans	Constant	male
Constantius	Constant	male
Cornelius	Cornelius
Crispianus	Crispian	also written Xpianus
Christoverus	Christoper	also written Xtoverus
Cutbartus	Cuthbert
Cudburdus	Cuthbert
Cuthbertus	Cuthbert
Danielis	Daniel
Davidus		David
Diana		Diana
Dionysia	Denise		female. strictly really Denis
Dionysius	Dennis		male. strictly really Denis
Dorothea	Dorothy
Dulcia		Dowse		not Dulcie, which is late 1800s

Edmondus	Edmund
Edrus		Edward		abbreviation of Edwardus
Edwardus	Edward
Egidia		Giles		female
Egidius		Giles		male
Elena		Ellen
Eleanora	Eleanor		can also be Ellen
Elinora		Eleanor		can also be Ellen
Eliza.		Elizabeth	(abbr. form)
Elizabeta	Elizabeth
Emma		Emme		also Em, but not Emma which was revived 1800s
Emmota		Emmott		"little Emme"
Ethelreda	Audrey
Eugenius	Eugene		in Wales, Owen; in Scotland, Ewen
Eusebius	Eusaby
Eustachius	Eustace
Eva		Eve
Ezekius		Hezekiah
Ezekielis	Ezekiel

Felicia		Phillis
Felix		Felix		male
Ferdinandus	Ferdinando	not Ferdinand, but similar name
Fida		Faith
Fedilia		Troth
Florens		Florence	male
Franciscus	Francis		male
Francisca	Frances		female (although sometimes used mistakenly as m.)
Fridericus	Frederick	sometimes spelled Federicus

Galfridus	Geoffrey	may mean Godfrey
Gaufridus	Geoffrey	may mean Godfrey
Gartruda	Gertrude
Gasparus	Jasper
Gatharuda	Gertrude
Georgius	George
Giraldus	Gerald
Girardus	Gerald
Gorgius		George
Gratia		Grace
Griselda	Grizzel		revived 1800s
Gualcherius	Walter
Gualterius	Walter
Guido		Guy
Guinevra	Winifred	in Wales: Gwyneth, Jennifer
Guglielmus	William
Gulielmus	William
Guillelminus	Willemin
Guillemota	Wilmot		female. common in Devon & Cornwall

Hadrianus	Adrian
Hannor		Hannah
Hannoria	Hannah
Helena		Helen		but also Ellen, Elinor
Hericus		Harry		also Henry?
Henricus	Henry
Hierimia(s)	Jeremiah
Hieronimus	Jerome		(also Jeremy, Jeronimo)
Homfridus	Humphrey
Honfridus	Humphrey
Honoria		Honor
Hugo		Hugh

I				I = J so see J e.g. Iohannes = Johannes
Ioannes		John
Isabella	Isabel
Isaakus		Izaak
Ishachus	Izaac

Jabus		James		abbr. of Jacobus = James
Jacobus		James
Jacoba		James
Jana		Jane		Wales: Sian
Janetta		Janet
Jeremia		Jeremiah	(Jeremy)
Jerominus	Jerome
Jno.		John		abbr. of Johannes
Joanna		Joan
Johanna		Joan		Wales: Sian
Joannes		John
Johannes	John		Wales: Evan
Johes		John
Josephus	Joseph
Josias		Josiah
Josua		Joshua
Judia		Judy
Juditta		Judith
Juliana		Gillian		(Jill)
Julianus	Julian		male

Katalina	Katherine
Katharina	Katherine

Laura		Lore		(not Laura, which is 19C)
Laurentius	Lawrence
Lennardus	leonard
Leonardus	Leonard
Leolinus	Llewelyn	Wales
Lucas		Luke
Lucias		Luke
Lucia		Lucy
Ludovicus	Louis		(not Ludovic which is late 1800s)

Marcus		Mark
Maria		Mary
Marianna	Mary Ann
Marina		Marina
Martinus	Martin
Matilda		Maud		(not Matilda as modern use)
Mattheus	Matthew
Matthias	Matthew
Matthia		Martha
Martha		Martha
Mauritius	Maurice
Micaelis	Michael
Mycaelis	Michael
Misericordia	Mercy

Nicholas	Nicholas
Nicholaus	Nicholas

Octavius	Octavius	(an eighth son)
Offylus		Theophilus
Oliverus	Oliver
Ollaferus	Oliver
Omfridus	Humphrey
Onfridus	Humphrey
Onoria		Honor

Patentia	Patience
Patricus	Patrick
Peregrinus	Peregrine
Petronella	Parnel		female
Petrus		Peter
Philippa	Philip		female ! (she would be called Philip)
Philipus	Philip		male
Phillida	Phillis		female
Phillipus	Philip		male
Phineas		Phineas
Placentia	Pleasant

Radolphus	Ralph
Radulphus	Ralph
Ranulphus	Ranulf
Randulphus	Randolph	but Randall in Shropshire & Cheshire
Reginaldus	Reynell		not Reginald which is 1800s
Ric.		Richard		abbreviation
Ricardus	Richard
Richdus		Richard		abbreviation
Richardus	Richard
Ricus		Rhys		in Wales
Ricus.		Richard		abbreviation of Richardus. Care here!
Robertus	Robert
Rogerus		Roger
Rosa		Rose
Rosamunda	Rosamund
Rosamundi	Rosamund

Scientia	Sense		female
Septimus	Septimus	(seventh son)
Sextus		Sextus		(sixth son)
Sibylla		Sibyl
Spes		Hope
Stephanus	Stephen
Sylvanus	Sylvanus

Terentius	Terrence
Thoma		Thomas
Thomas		Thomas
Tomas		Thomas
Thomasina	Tamsin		female. (sometimes Tomsin in use)
Timotheus	Timothy
Tobias		Toby

Umfridus	Humphrey
Ursula		Ursula		sometimes called Ursley in use
Wido		Guy		(see Guido)
Willielmus	William		(illiterate written form of Gulielmus)
Wilmota		Wilmot		female. Common in Devon & Cornwall

Xpianus		Crispian	note that it was very common indeed
Xpofer		Christopher     to write "Christ" as "X" (a cross)
Xtianus		Christian       Xmas is not a modern abbreviation.
Xtopher		Christopher	It was always written that way!
Xtopherus	Christopher


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